Structure of seminar work

Structure of seminar work post thumbnail image

Each seminar work must have some standard layout, and its individual parts can be divided into 3 groups:

  • Front: title page, content
  • Main section: introduction, core, conclusion
  • End part: list of bibliographic references, appendices

Cover sheet

The cover page is not physically numbered, yet it counts to paging and contains basic information about:

  • college, university name (font type: TNR, 16, bold)
  • faculty name (font type: TNR, 14, bold)
  • department name (font type: TNR, 14, bold)
  • the title of the seminar work – it is an accurate and terminologically correct text of the seminar work (font type: TNR, 16, bold)
  • type of pre-qualification work – seminar work (font type: TNR, 14, bold)
  • titles, names and surname of the seminar work (font type: TNR, 12, bold)
  • field of study (font type: TNR, 12, Bold)
  • study form (font type: TNR, 12, bold)
  • year of study (font type: TNR, 12, Bold)
  • year and place of the seminar work (font type: TNR, 12, Bold)


It is part of the front part of the seminar work, and as a rule it is a compulsory component in which all parts of the main and final part of the seminar work are clearly and clearly defined, together with the number of the respective party on which they are located. The content is formatted into a new clean page, and its mission is to orient the reader in the text of the work.


Introduction creates room for:

  • a precise definition of the primary goal of the seminar paper, which clearly and concisely characterizes the subject of the solution (or sub-goals related to the main goal),
  • clarifying the methodological approach chosen to meet the goal,
  • outline of the seminar work structure – the reader briefly introduces the thematic focus of individual chapters, without deeper penetration into the theoretical elements
  • author’s motivation for the choice and processing of seminar work.

It is important to emphasize from the formal elements of the introduction that it is written on a new clean side and should not exceed two pages in scale, with the other side of the introduction being numbered. If the introduction has only one page, this page is not numbered (the numbering then starts on the page where Chapter 1 starts). 

The core

It presents the main part of the seminar work, in which the author, depending on the character of the pre-qualification work (ie, whether the topic and scope requirements create a space for application of the investigated phenomenon to the practical level) summarizes the knowledge gained from the study of relevant information sources and thus fulfills the individual chapters and subchapters of the seminar work with an emphasis on achieving the goal. In this part the author explains the essence of the investigated phenomenon, the basic context or the applicability of the practice, or the critical attitude.

When designing the core, it is important to proceed in a logical sequence with the aspiration to link the theoretical line (which gives the reader the theoretical background, or the terminological framework used in the seminar work) to the practical, respectively. empirical part (if the thematic focus and scope of work allows). This methodological procedure is recommended when writing any professional work, whether it is a pre-qualification or qualification, final thesis, as the author demonstrates the ability to understand the analyzed problem on a theoretical basis based on the method of processing professional information, which is also able to apply to the practical their views, evaluating research resolutions, or presenting their own recommendations. If the scope of the seminar paper does not create sufficient space for a separate empirical part, we recommend avoiding the design of the text part solely by means of strict theories and citations without the author’s own assessment attitudes. In this way, the work acquires a purely theoretical-descriptive dimension, which the author can suppress by focusing attention on a thorough analysis of the subject matter, on the search for causes and on the formulation of formulations, from which the author’s approach to solving the problem and its opinions is clear. This also increases the level of originality of the pre-qualification work, which assumes the character of a coherent, concise text with logical interconnection of individual parts.

Important formal requirements for drafting individual chapters and sub-chapters:

the headings of the chapters and subchapters are left-aligned, with each main chapter being listed separately on the new side for the sake of greater clarity,

After a chapter number, a dot is not written

we distinguish several levels: the main chapter (level I), the subchapter (level II), the section (level III), after which we do not write a dot, except for the dot separating the numbers in II. and III. 


The conclusion is a brief summary of the key findings, the results of the seminar work, depending on the primary objective or secondary objectives. It is a space for assessing how and to what extent the author has been able to process the examined issue and at the same time a space for formulating his / her own opinions or ideas for discussion. The author summarizes and clarifies the outputs of work, recommendations for practice and explores their meaning.

The conclusion is a complete logical output of the individual textual parts of the seminar work, which were analyzed in the core, and therefore does not require a detailed analysis of the examined attributes, but only a general evaluation of the final professional results and a brief presentation of factual findings. From a formal point of view, we recommend not to exceed one page’s range.

List of bibliographic resources

The list of bibliographic references maps all information sources cited or paraphrased in the seminar paper. It is placed on the new clean page after the conclusion, with the individual records of the bibliographic references being written mostly in alphabetical order and listed as separate paragraphs without a breakpoint. They are separated by gaps.

When working with information sources, the ethical aspect of creating and publishing professional papers is emphasized, with an emphasis on respect for the set standard, determining the form of registration.


They are an optional part containing information that illustrates the procedure, methods and techniques contained in the main text of the seminar paper. Include additional illustrations, tables, charts, diagrams, diagrams, maps, copies of documents, documents, and so on. In the case of using qualitative methods, the appendix contains e.g. structure of questionnaire, formulated questions asked by respondents etc. The annexes are not included in the scope of the seminar work.

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